Paper: The drug zajals in Ibrahim al-Mi’mar’s Diwan

Sunday, April 29, 2012:
Panel 4 (2:00 pm – 5:00 pm)
Frédéric Bauden (Université de Liège and Università di Pisa)
“A Neglected Reservoir of Mamluk Literature: al-Safadi and his Tadhkirah”

Li Guo (University of Notre Dame)
“Al-Safadi and Ibn Hijja on the art of tawriya”

Hakan Özkan (University of Münster)
“The Drug Zajals in Ibrahim al-Mi’mar’s Diwan”

Ibrāhīm al-Miʿmār (the Master Builder, the Architect) is one of the most important poets of the Mamluk era (1250-1517). His diwan which has come upon us in at least seven manuscripts is the most comprehensive collection of popular poetry before the advent of the Ottoman Empire. It comprises more than 500 epigrammatic poems, one maqāma and one muwaššaḥ in literary Arabic as well as 34 quatrains of mawwāl, and a dozen zaǧals or bullayqs in dialect.
Four of these center around the three intoxicants wine (1 zaǧal), beer (1), and cannabis (2 zaǧals). Miʿmār is most probably the first poet who devoted an entire poem to the praise of mizr (beer) which is very much associated with the lower classes of the Egyptian society. In this paper I will discuss type, structure, language, and other remarkable characteristics of the four drug zaǧals and juxtapose them with his other zaǧals and his epigrammatic poems that deal with the same topics.

Follow this link to see the full program.


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